How to use passive with future tenses in English
Finishing off our look at passive voice in English, we're going to learn how to use passive with future tenses, meaning 'will' and 'going to' with passive...
In the previous videos we looked at how we use the passive voice with different tenses. We've looked at past and present and present perfect. So in this video we're going to look at how we use the passive voice with the future, with future tenses.
Now when we express the future in English, as we don't really have a real future tense, we normally express the future using 'will' or 'going to'. So I'm going to use 'will' and 'going to' in these examples to show you how to use the future passive. We can say that something 'will be done' or something is 'going to be done'. My homework 'will be finished' or my homework 'is going to be finished'. Now obviously the focus in this sentence is on your homework and not necessarily on who does your homework. Maybe somebody else is going to do your homework for you! But the most important thing is that your homework is complete in the future. So, my homework 'will be finished'.
So, to form the passive in the future we use 'will' plus 'be' plus the past participle of the main verb or we can use 'going to' - 'going to' plus 'be' plus the past participle of the main verb. So you might make this promise to your parents or your teacher. "Don't worry, my homework will be done" or "My homework is going to be done".
So how about future perfect passive? Here's an example. "My homework will have been finished (by tomorrow morning)". Again it's passive so we're focusing on not who does the homework but on the homework. That's more important in this sentence. And we're not saying exactly when the homework 'will be finished', but it will be finished by a certain point in time in the future. "My homework will have been finished".
If you need to remind yourself how we use future perfect then go back and watch the previous video on future perfect. So the structure here is 'will' plus 'have' plus 'been' plus the past participle of the main verb, in this case 'finished' - 'will have been finished'. "My homework will have been finished (by tomorrow morning)".
OK, let's do a little test to see how much you understand. In this quiz we're going to practise all the different forms we've looked at in the previous videos. So I'm going to give you the same example and I want you to convert that example sentence from the active into the passive using different tenses. If you need some time to write down your answers or to think about them then pause the video in between each example. Ready? Here we go...
OK, I hope that's all clear. If it's not, you can go back and watch the video again. It will be much easier the second time. Remember, the passive 'is used' a lot in English! There's another example for you. If you want to see lots of examples of the passive, look in newspapers. There are always lots of examples of the passive.
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