Relative adverbs | Learn English grammar
We’ve been looking at relative clauses in the previous video. In this video, we’re going to look at relative adverbs. Now these are very useful words that we use to connect sentences in English. I’ll show you a few examples and then we’ll do a bit of practice at the end to see how well you’ve understood it. The relative adverbs we use in English are ‘where’, ‘when’ and ‘why’. Now we could just use a preposition and ‘which’ to join sentences together, but in English that would sound quite formal so it’s more common we use these relative adverbs to sound more natural in English. So an example would be: “That is the place in which I met my girlfriend”. So firstly, it’s a bit long and secondly it does sound quite formal, right? So if we use a relative adverb it will sound a lot more natural. “That is where I met my girlfriend”. So it sounds much better and much shorter, right?
So I’m sure you’ve noticed that these relative adverbs are question words: ‘where’, ‘when’ and ‘why’. So it might help to think about the sentences that you’re joining together with a question. Here’s the question for that first example: “Where did you meet your girlfriend?” “That is where I met my girlfriend”. So remember, this is not a question anymore, it’s now a statement, which means you need to use normal subject – verb – object sentence structure. “I met my girlfriend”. Here’s an example with ‘when’: “When are you going to ask her to marry you?” “I will ask her when I am ready”. And here’s an example with ‘why’: “Why is your girlfriend angry with you?” “I don’t know why she is angry with me”.
OK, let’s do some practice. I’m going to give you some example sentences and I want you to use the correct relative adverb to improve each sentence. If you need more time to think of your answer or to write down your answer, that would be a good idea, then pause the video after each example.
OK, if it’s not so clear then go back and watch the video again. It will be much easier the second time. ‘Like‘ the video, share it with your friends and subscribe to my YouTube channel and don’t forget to go to anglopod.com where you can take a course and improve every aspect of your English. Good luck, keep practising and I’ll see you soon.